- Gastritis, particularly in type B gastritis,
- Duodenal and gastric ulcer,
- Cancer of stomach and
- Mucosa associated lymphoma of stomach (MALT).
It can be detected from:
- tissue biopsy examined under electron microscope and HP staining.
- Presence of this bacterium can be detected from urea breath test,
- Elisa blood test and
- some other tests.
Treatment comprises of multi-drug regime with many available alternative options: by far one of the best options is; Amoxicillin 500mgs, Clarithromycin 500mgs and pantoprazole 40mgs twice daily for one to two weeks followed by pantoprazole 40mgs for six weeks.