Many stones in the urinary tract block x-rays and can be seen in a plain x-rays examination. It can readily be diagnosed by ultrasonogram.
Small stones around 5 millimetres can be treated without surgical intervention. Those are usually expelled in the urine.
Slight assistance in form of;
- Plenty of water drinking,
- a mild diuretic to increase urine out put,
- medication to relieve spasm of the smooth musculature of the ureter;
If fails, minimal intervention to facilitate the passage of the stone through stenting may be all that is needed.
Drinking sufficient water to have an out put of around 1,5 to 2 litters of urine per day lessens chance of stone formation in an otherwise healthy person.