Saturday, January 11, 2014

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

According to AHA (American Heart Association)/NHLBI (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) diagnostic criteria, individuals with three of the following five conditions are characterized as having Metabolic Syndrome: 

1. abdominal obesity  [waist circumference ≥102 cm (≥ 40 inches) in men, ≥ 88 cm (≥ 35 inches) in women]; typically the apple shape.

Picture of an Obese Teenager (146kg/322lb) wit...
Picture of an Obese Teenager (146kg/322lb) with Central Obesity, side view.Self Made Picture of an Obese Teenager (Myself) (146kg/322lb) with Central Obesity, Front View. Feel Free to use. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

2. Hypertriglyceridemia [TG≥150 mg/dL (≥1.7 mmol/L) or drug treatment for elevated TG].

3. low HDL-C [< 40 mg/dL (< 1.03 mmol/L) in men, <50 mg/dL (< 1.3 mmol/L) in women, or drug treatment of reduced HDL-C].

4. Elevated BP [≥130 mm Hg systolic BP, or ≥85 mm Hg diastolic BP, or drug treatment of hypertension].

5. Hyperglycemia [fasting plasma glucose ≥100 mg/dL or drug treatment for elevated glucose]. 

The risk of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke increases with the number of metabolic risk factors. In general, a person who has metabolic syndrome is twice as likely to develop heart disease and five times as likely to develop diabetes as someone who doesn't have metabolic syndrome.
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