Wednesday, June 29, 2011

Varicocele, Infertility and Low Testosterone

Varicoceles is essentially a condition where there are dilated veins draining the testes. It may be unilateral or bilateral in nature. It is almost same as varicose veins seen elsewhere in the body.
 Sew up wound after varicocele surgeryImage of Sew up Wound after Surgery
Commonly affects males in 15-25 years of age. It is slowly progressive disease, essentially causing a dragging type of pain in the affected side of testis.
Varicocele is associated with low fertility or infertility.

These dilated veins (Veins in Pampiniform plexus) form a mass around the spermatic cord, an be felt as what is typically described as “bag of worms”.
The condition can be diagnosed by the clinician by physical examination and can be conformed by ultrasonogram.
Recently researchers fond out that the infertility may be due to decreased production of male hormone testosterone from testis.
Low testosterone level may be linked to;
  • Low energy,
  • Decreased muscle strength,
  • Sexual problems,
  • Cardiovascular diseases,
  • Osteopenia/osteoporosis and
  • Can also cause changes in cognitive and psychological
    function, in particular, depression.
Varicocele can be treated surgically. It is a contentious issue whether this surgery can improve the infertility. However, the researchers say that the surgery can improve the testosterone level; that may alleviate a host of diseases associated with low hormone level.
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